MathJax Tutorial Reference and Examples

MathJax is an open-source JavaScript display engine for LaTeX, MathML, and AsciiMath notation that works in all browsers. MathJax uses web-based fonts to produce high-quality typesetting that scales and prints at full resolution.

With MathJax, Mathematics is text-based rather than image-based, thus it is accessible to search engines. MathJax allows you to include Mathematics in your web pages, either using LaTeX, MathML, or AsciiMath notation.

You can use to create Math equations in browser.

How To Enable MathJax Including Chemistry

Add following in your head section (before body).

<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
TeX: {extensions: ["mhchem.js"]}
<script type="text/javascript" async

1. Greek Letters

For Greek letters: \alpha, \beta, \omega, \pi, \rho, \lambda, \sigma, \mu, \theta

For uppercase: \Gamma, \Delta, \Omega, \Pi, \Rho

2. Superscript, Subscript and Roots

Superscript: ^

Subscript: _

Square Root: sqrt{}

Superscripts, subscripts, and other operations apply only to the next group. A group can be either a single symbol, or any formula surrounded by curly braces {…}. Use \{ and \} for literally using curly braces instead of grouping.

3. Brackets

Usual keyboard values of ( and ) are used. For resizing brackets according to the size of the equation, use \left( and \right).

5. Fractions

There are two ways to make fractions: \frac and \over

\frac applies to the next two groups. For more complicated numerators and denominators use, you may prefer \over.

\dfrac forces the fraction into display mode (large fraction), instead of inline mode.

To make a continued fraction, use \cfrac, with nested groups.

6. Matrices

For matrices with square brackets,

\begin{bmatrix}a & b \\c & d \end{bmatrix}

7. Special Symbols and Notations

Inequalities: \lt \gt \le \ge \neq

Maths Operators: \times \div \pm \mp \cdot \% \arg

Sets: \cup \cap \setminus \subset \subseteq \subsetneq \supset \in \notin \emptyset \varnothing

Arrows: \to \rightarrow \leftarrow \Rightarrow \Leftarrow \implies

Decorations: \overline \underline \widehat \fbox

8. Boolean Algebra

Negation: \lnot, \overline{}, !

Conjunction: \land, \wedge, \cdot

Disjunction: \lor, \vee

9. Calculus

Sum: \sum_{i=1}^{10} t_i, \displaystyle\sum_{i=1}^{10} t_i

Limits: \lim_{x \to a} f(x)

Integration: \int_a^b f(x) \ dx

10. Vectors

Basic Notation: \hat a, \bar a, \vec a

11. Geometric Shapes

Circles are easily created, and only needs a number to determine how large the circle is. \circle(50)

12. Chemical Equations

You can write chemical compounds or equation using: \ce{}

Chemical Formula: H2O, KMnO4, (NH4)2S

Charges: H+, CrO4^2-

Stoichiometric Numbers: 2H2O. 1/2H2O

Horizontal Bonds: - (single bond), = (double bond), # (triple bond)

You can also use \sbond \dbond \tbond

Reaction Arrows: ->, <-, <=>, <->

How to write above or below arrow? ->[above][below]

Precipitate and Gas: v, ^

Chemical names below or above formula: \underset{}, \underbrace{}_{}

Isotopes: ^{227}_{90}Th+, ^0_{-1}n-

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